International and Foreign Legislation

Council of Europe: Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms

 

ARTICLE 9.  Freedom of thought, conscience, and religion

  1. Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief, in worship, teaching, practice and observance.
  2. Freedom to manifest one’s religion or beliefs shall be subject only to such limitations as are prescribed by law and are necessary in a democratic society in the interests of public safety, for the protection of public order, health or morals, or for the protection of the rights and freedoms of others.

ARTICLE 11. Freedom of assembly and association

  1. Everyone has the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and to freedom of association with others, including the right to form and to join trade unions for the protection of his interests.
  2. No restrictions shall be placed on the exercise of these rights other than such as are prescribed by law and are necessary in a democratic society in the interests of national security or public safety, for the prevention of disorder or crime, for the protection of health or morals or for the protection of the rights and freedoms of others. This Article shall not prevent the imposition of lawful restrictions on the exercise of these rights by members of the armed forces, of the police or of the administration of the State.

European Union: Charter of Fundamental Rights

 

Article 10 – Freedom of thought, conscience and religion

  1. Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion. This right includes freedom to change religion or belief and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or in private, to manifest religion or belief, in worship, teaching, practice and observance.
  2. The right to conscientious objection is recognized, in accordance with the national laws governing the exercise of this right.

EU Guidelines on the promotion and protection of freedom of religion or belief

EU guidelines and the mandate of the EU Special Envoy on the promotion of freedom of religion or belief outside the EU

OSCE: Helsinki Final Act

  1. (a) Declaration on Principles Guiding Relations between Participating States

VII.  Respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, including the freedom of thought, conscience, religion or belief

The participating States will respect human rights and fundamental freedoms, including the freedom of thought, conscience, religion or belief, for all without distinction as to race, sex, language or religion.

Within this framework the participating States will recognize and respect the freedom of the individual to profess and practice, alone or in community with others, religion or belief acting in accordance with the dictates of his own conscience.

OSCE: Vienna Concluding Document

Questions Relating to Security in Europe. Principles

(16)  In order to ensure the freedom of the individual to profess and practice religion or belief, the participating State will, inter alia,

(16.1) – take effective measures to prevent and eliminate discrimination against individuals or communities on the grounds of religion or belief in the recognition, exercise and enjoyment of human rights and fundamental freedoms in all fields of civil, political, economic, social and cultural life, and to ensure the effective equality between believers and non-believers;

(16.2) – foster a climate of mutual tolerance and respect between believers of different communities as well as between believers and non-believers;

(16.3) – grant upon their request to communities of believers, practicing or prepared to practice their faith within the constitutional framework of their States, recognition of the status provided for them in their respective countries;

(16.4) – respect the right of these religious communities to

  • establish and maintain freely accessible places of worship or assembly,
  • organize themselves according to their own hierarchical and institutional structure,
  • select, appoint and replace their personnel in accordance with their respective requirements and standards as well as with any freely accepted arrangement between them and their State,
  • solicit and receive voluntary financial and other contributions.

(16.5) – engage in consultation with religious faiths, institutions and organizations in order to achieve a better understanding of the requirements of religious freedom;

(16.6) – respect the right of everyone to give and receive religious education in the language of his choice, whether individually or in association with others;

(16.7) – in this context respect, inter alia, the liberty of parents to ensure the religious and moral education of their children in conformity with their own convictions;

(16.8) – allow the training of religious personnel in appropriate institutions;

(16.9) – respect the right of individual believers and communities of believers to acquire, possess, and use sacred books, religious publications in the language of their choice and other articles and materials related to the practice of religion or belief;

(16.10) – allow religious faiths, institutions and organizations to produce, import and disseminate religious publications and materials;

(16.11) – favorably consider the interest of religious communities to participate in public dialogue, including through the mass media.

(17)  The participating States recognize that the exercise of the above‑mentioned rights relating to the freedom of religion or belief may be subject only to such limitations as are provided by law and consistent with their obligations under international law and with their international commitments.  They will ensure in their laws and regulations and in their application the full and effective exercise of the freedom of thought, conscience, religion or belief.

(19)  They will protect and create conditions for the promotion of the ethnic, cultural, linguistic and religious identity of national minorities on their territory.  They will respect the free exercise of rights by persons belonging to such minorities and ensure their full equality with others.

Co-Operation in Humanitarian and Other Fields

Human Contacts

  • They will allow believers, religious faiths and their representatives, in groups or on an individual basis, to establish and maintain direct personal contacts and communication with each other, in their own and other countries, inter aliathrough travel, pilgrimages and participation in assemblies and other religious events.  In this context and commensurate with such contacts and events, those concerned will be allowed to acquire, receive and carry with them religious publications and objects related to the practice of their religion or belief.

OSCE: Copenhagen Concluding Document

(9.4) – everyone will have the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion.  This right includes freedom to change one’s religion or belief and freedom to manifest one’s religion or belief, either alone or in community with others, in public or in private, through worship, teaching, practice and observance.  The exercise of these rights may be subject only to such restrictions as are prescribed by law and are consistent with international standards;

American Convention on Human Rights

Article 12 – Freedom of Conscience and Religion

  1. Everyone has the right to freedom of conscience and of religion. This right includes freedom to maintain or to change one’s religion or beliefs, and freedom to profess or disseminate one’s religion or beliefs, either individually or together with others, in public or in private.
  2. No one shall be subject to restrictions that might impair his freedom to maintain or to change his religion or beliefs.
  3. Freedom to manifest one’s religion and beliefs may be subject only to the limitations prescribed by law that are necessary to protect public safety, order, health, or morals, or the rights or freedoms of others.
  4. Parents or guardians, as the case may be, have the right to provide for the religious and moral education of their children or wards that is in accord with their own convictions.

Universal Declaration of Human Rights

Article 18. Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship and observance.

 

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

 

Article 18

  1. Everyone shall have the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion. This right shall include freedom to have or to adopt a religion or belief of his choice, and freedom, either individually or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in worship, observance, practice and teaching.
  2. No one shall be subject to coercion which would impair his freedom to have or to adopt a religion or belief of his choice.
  3. Freedom to manifest one’s religion or beliefs may be subject only to such limitations as are prescribed by law and are necessary to protect public safety, order, health, or morals or the fundamental rights and freedoms of others.
  4. The States Parties to the present Covenant undertake to have respect for the liberty of parents and, when applicable, legal guardians to ensure the religious and moral education of their children in conformity with their own convictions.

Article 19

  1. Everyone shall have the right to hold opinions without interference.
  2. Everyone shall have the right to freedom of expression; this right shall include freedom to seek, receive and impart information and ideas of all kinds, regardless of frontiers, either orally, in writing or in print, in the form of art, or through any other media of his choice.
  3. The exercise of the rights provided for in paragraph 2 of this article carries with it special duties and responsibilities. It may therefore be subject to certain restrictions, but these shall only be such as are provided by law and are necessary:

(a) For respect of the rights or reputations of others;

(b) For the protection of national security or of public order (ordre public), or of public health or morals.

Article 26

All persons are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to the equal protection of the law. In this respect, the law shall prohibit any discrimination and guarantee to all persons equal and effective protection against discrimination on any ground such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.

Article 27

In those States in which ethnic, religious or linguistic minorities exist, persons belonging to such minorities shall not be denied the right, in community with the other members of their group, to enjoy their own culture, to profess and practise their own religion, or to use their own language.

 

 

Punta del Este Declaration on Human Dignity for Everyone Everywhere: Seventy Years after the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. December 2018

 

Reports and documents

 

Potomac Declaration

 

Ministerial to Advance Religious Freedom. Potomac Plan of Action

 

Raportul Departamentului de Stat al SUA privind libertatea religioasă în România în anul 2019

 

2019 Report on International Religious Freedom: Romania

How to scale up EU support to Freedom of Religion or Belief outside the EU. Presentation of the work and the recommendations of the Special Envoy, Ján Figeľ (15 – 16 October 2019)

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4 days ago

Aleph News

Cătălin Raiu, teolog și doctor în științe politice, vine în platoul emisiunii Marius Tucă Show! Diseară, de la ora 19:00, la Aleph News!

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Catalin Raiu #forb
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#libertatereligioasa este un drept fundamental pentru toți: creștini, musulmani, evrei și toți ceilalți
forbromania.com/libertate-religioasa/biserica-nu-se-opune-vaccinarii/
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7 days ago

Catalin Raiu #forb

#CatalinRaiu #FoRB #FoRBRomania #TudorMusat #B1TV #Live #libertatereligioasa #stat #culte #vaccinare #SarsCov2 ...

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Biserica, reprezentantii bisericii, ar trebui sa se distantese de aceasta propaganda a asa zisei vaccinari. Cum se vor uita in ochii rudelor care i-au pierdut pe cei dragi in urma "vaccinarii"? Nu vor avea constiinta incarcata c-au trimis la moarte persoane care i-au crezut ca "vaccinul este sigur"? Cum poti sugera, promova, un vaccin despre ale carui consecinte nu le cunosti? Mai mult, atunci cand stii ca au fost inregistrate deja decese. Personal am avut un caz de acest fel in familie. In afara acestui aspect, multe persoane au probleme de sanatate care nu le permit sa fie vaccinate. Pentru acest motiv inseamna ca trebuir puse la "zid" sau incalcate, ingradite, drepturile lor constitutionale? La fel si-n cazul celor care nu doresc sa fie vaccinati, nu doresc sa faca parte din acest experiment, sa fie cobai. Nu-i pasa nimanui despre aceste aspecte? Cel mai firesc era ca reprezentantii bisericii sa se abtina in aceasta campanie, inclusiv cei care s-au vaccinat.

In pastorale recomandări tehnice despre asamblarea și mentenanța Turnului Eiffel ați găsit?Domnule, ce treabă au pastoralele cy vaccinarea? Amestecați domeniile.Lăsați preoții să-si facă treaba pe care o cunosc si medicii să facă câte campanii vor.Sunteți om inteligent. Nu vă bateți joc de propria intuiție.Ce treabă au preoții cu vaccinarea? Ce expertiză și ce competență in domeniul acesta?Niciuna.

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1 week ago

Catalin Raiu #forb

#CatalinRaiu #FoRB #FoRBRomania #SambataMare #InviereaDomnului #LuminaSfanta #RealitateaPlus #LaurentiuBotin #libertatereligioasa #stat #culte ...

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